The genre of Novel has been new in English literature and was initiated in the eighteenth century and soon became an integral part of the literature and to some extent, it surpassed many of the genres of literature like autobiography and even prose to some extent. The novel made its way with the coming of the novel Pamela by Richardson. the novel was largely the product of the middle class and it addressed the problems and issues related to the middle class. so the genre novel took everyone by surprise and every write after Richardson had to contribute to this genre and since then, it spread over the large pages of the history and covered the periods after the introduction of Pamela by Richardson.
The classical novel in English was developed with the passage of time. many writers of great magnitude and grandeur Goldsmith, Richardson, Fielding Smollet, Sterne were the pioneers of the novel and their contribution to the growth and development of the novel. the novel of this era revolved around the value and the importance of individual life. moreover, on the account of the spread of education and appearance of the newspapers and magazines, there was an immense increase in the reading public to whom the novelist could directly appeal without caring for the patronage of the aristocratic class which was losing power. it was under these circumstances that the novel was born in the eighteenth century expressing the same ideals of personality and of the dignity of common life which became the chief themes of the poets of the Romantic Revival, and which were proclaimed later by the American and French Revolutions. the classical novels of the eighteenth century and down to the modern era did not tell the common people about the grand and bombastic lives of the knights, princes, warriors, and supernatural heroes, but about their own plain and simple lives, their ordinary thoughts, and feelings. and their day-to-day actions and their effects on them and others. the result was that such works were eagerly read and admired by the common people, novels became the popular form of literature appealing to the masses because it belonged to them and reflected their own lives.
Following is the list of classical novels.
1. Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen (1813)
- The most powerful novel of the classical age, it deals with the popular theme of the bad and good marriages. the write of the novel wants to convey the message that the marriages are of many types and the worst type of the marriage is one that is undertaken with the wealth or gain purposes. The mutual understanding is the main thing that should be given the most important preference when the couple is going to be engaged in the marriage bond. the search of the handsome husband with the good fortune and strong social background continues and forms the setting of the plot of the novel but with the passage of time, it is revealed through many minor and major events that such search is futile as it was based on the mistaken foundation. on the whole, the novel is fantastic in terms of the social relations and the helpless of the parents who are in search of some suitable suits fro their unmarried daughters.
- Dickens is one of the best novel writer who paved the way for the coming generations to move on. he set new trends and traditions in this genre. The greatest novel of all times, Great Expectation describes the story of an orphan who lived with her sister and brother in law. his sister is strict type of woman but his brother in law is very polite and friendly with Joe, the hero of the novel. he wants to do something extraordinary in life and luckily he met a criminal and helped him in his trouble without knowing the criminal background of the escaped person. After couple of years, he started receiving some money from some unknown sources. This money helped him to get higher education in London. when the source of the money is revealed, he wants to secure him from the police of England but unfortunately, the person is arrested and is sentenced to death. with the death of the person, Joe finds himself in the need of the funds for the continuity of his education. he started some odds job and one day he really became of the wealthiest person of London and it was all due to is hard and continuous hard work. The novel is very interesting and reveals the many psychological aspects of the human personalities and nature. very interesting and full of suspense. it offers great charm for the readers of the classical novels in English literature.
The novel’s first edition, published in 1847, is the basis for this best-selling Norton Critical Edition. The editor of the Fourth Edition compared the 1847 text to numerous recent editions and fixed a number of inconsistencies, including accidentals. New explanatory annotations have been added to the text. Twelve of Emily Bronte’s letters regarding the publication of the 1847 edition of Wuthering Heights, as well as the evolution of the 1850 edition, prose and poetry selections by the author, four reviews of the novel, and Edward Chitham’s insightful and informative chronology of the creative process behind the beloved work are all new to the fourth edition. Three of the five primary critical readings of Wuthering Heights are new to the Fourth Edition.
The Pilgrims is one of the best novels from the mighty pen of John Bunyan. The novel deals with the life of those who are to struggle against the odds of life and face the most shocking incidents in their lives. the feelings of the Puritans are present everywhere in the novel. the write John always begins his novel with the introduction of someone and ends his novels like some great fiction and transports his novels into the great work of fiction and literature.
As usual, the present novel also starts with the unknown person who is in jail and is looking into some horizons to ponder over the phenomena of nature and the mysterious life in the merciless world. “As I walked through the wilderness of this world, I lighted on a certain place, where was a Denn; And I laid me down in that place to sleep: And as I slept I dreamed a Dream.” The word Denn is a prison and it is the prison where most of the novel is written by John Bunyan. he has been in this prison for his other great work, ” Great Persecution” the novel surely throws light on the teachings of the writer and the behavior of the people towards his teachings. A worth reading novel.
Charles Dickens’ classic historical masterpiece A Tale of Two Cities is set amid the dramatic upheaval of the French Revolution. The most famous and arguably most popular of his works, it condenses a complex event into the scale of family history, with a cast of characters that includes a bloodthirsty ogress and an antihero as realistically damaged as any in modern fiction.
A Tale of Two Cities, despite being the least typical of the author’s works, yet highlights many of his persistent themes—imprisonment, injustice, social anarchy, resurrection, and the renunciation that produces renewal.
7.David Copperfield by Charles Dickens (1850)
The Personal History of David Copperfield is a novel by English writer Charles Dickens, first serialized in 1849–50 and then published in book form in 1850. Dickens’ “favorite kid,” David Copperfield, has long been one of his most popular works.
Although the eponymous character differs in many ways from his writer, Dickens recalled early personal events that had meant a lot to him—his factory job, his schooling and reading, and (more briefly) his transition from parliamentary reporting to successful novel writing.
8.Animal Farm by George Orwell
After reading Orwell’s books, I always get a heavy sense. Animal Farm is a parody of Stalin’s dictatorship.
It’s about a farm where the animals rose up and overtook the people because they were mistreating them.
The pigs developed a new system and the Seven Commandments. The farm was initially successful, but the pigs soon began to battle for dominance. It morphed into despotism from a democratic system. Over time, the pigs begin to dress up, sleep in beds, and drink scotch like men. While the common animals in the barn go hungry and shiver in the cold, they are helpless. reading between the letters would give the reader a special kind of pleasure and enjoyment which cannot be found in another source of recreation.
The government has co complete power over the world. Their policies have enslaved you, and all you can do is follow. It is illegal to express oneself, and even thinking differently might land you in jail. Nineteen Eighty-Four provided the reader with a glimpse of that world—a Totalitarian universe. Despite living under this horror, Winston Smith, the protagonist of the narrative, fought tooth and nail to uncover the truth and rebelled against the government. He fell in love with Julia, a like-minded woman, but the authorities eventually discovered their secret relationship, leading to their imprisonment. Winston represented the civilians and their quest for freedom in 1984, which depicted Nazism and Stalinist.
Anyone who likes stories about adultery, gambling, marriage intrigues, and, well, Russian feudalism, would put Anna Karenina at the top of their “best novels” list. Since the work was first published in its full in 1878, publications such as Time magazine have awarded it that ranking. The eight-part towering work of fiction, written by Russian novelist Leo Tolstoy, chronicles the story of two primary characters: a tragic, dissatisfied housewife named Anna, who runs away with her young lover, and a lovestruck landowner named Konstantin Levin, who struggles with religion and philosophy. With a large cast of characters acclaimed for their realistic humanity, Tolstoy weaves together serious reflections on love, suffering, and family in Russian culture.
The novel was particularly groundbreaking in its portrayal of women, vividly showing prejudices and social problems of the day.