Sentence and the Parts of Sentence

Sentence

What is sentence:  A sentence is the group of meaning words that conveys complete sense. In other words, sentence is formed by joining the different words to convey the meanings in proper sense.

For example: “The looted robber the shopkeeper” is a group of words but these words do not give any meaning. These words have their meanings individually but the combination gives no sense at all.

Now look at the following example

The robbers looted the shopkeeper.

The words are the same but their arrangement is different and this arrangement of words gives complete sense. 

So in sentence, words are arranged in a particular way to make the sentence meaningful and comprehensible.

For example: He writes. The people work to earn their bread. The birds fly in the air. The sky looks so beautiful in the morning.

Parts of Sentence

Subject: The subject is the part that performs the action. The subject refers to the part of the sentence that tells who or what the sentence is about. In other words, subject is the part about which something is said or refereed. The subject can be a noun,compound noun, pronoun or noun phrase.

For Example:

  1. Birds are diving in the air.
  2. Birds and their nests show that they are unconscious artists.
  3. They fly elegantly in the air.
  4. The speedy car crushed the little child.

In the above examples, birds, birds and their nests, the speedy car are the subject of the sentence.

compound Subject

when two or more than two nouns are used as the subject of the sentence, they are called the compound subject. In the above examples, “the birds and their nests” is the compound noun.

Predicate

The predicate consists of the verb and the remaining part that follows it. This predicate tells what the subject does with an action verb or describes the subject using a linking verb and a complement.

In the following given examples, the highlighted part is called the predicate.

  1. Birds are diving in the air.
  2. Birds and their nests show that they are unconscious artists.
  3. They fly elegantly in the air.
  4. The speedy car crushed the little child.

Optional Parts of a Sentence

as already discussed above about the two main parts of the sentence, now the optional parts of the sentences are being discussed in detail with examples.

These parts include objects, complements

Object

Object: The part of the sentence that about which action is directed is called the object of the sentence. Object is the part of the sentence and is included in the predicate part.

For Example: Mr. Robert attends the meeting.

People are not paying their taxes honestly.

The highlighted words are the object of the sentence.

Object can be direct or indirect.

Direct Object

A direct object can be a word or word phrase that gets the action of the verb directly.

For Example: The students learn the lessons.

in the sentence, the phrase The lesson is the direct object as it is receiving the direct action.

What and Whom are the two key words that answer the question of direct object. S in the above sentence, What do the students learn?

The answer is the lesson which is the direct object of the subject “the students”

Indirect object

Indirect object does not receive the action directly. The indirect object receives the direct action from” Subject” and not from subject.

The indirect object, however, is the noun that receives the direct object itself. 

For Example: Mr. Brown passed Sam the cup of tea.

In the above sentence, Mr. Brown id the subject of the sentence, passed is the verb or action word. The cup is passed. so the cup of tea is direct object and Sam is the indirect object.

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